All aquaria require water changes to keep fish in optimum health.
All aquaria should have some sort of detritus/organic waste management,wheather it be through gravel vacuuming or the introduction of
detritivores to the system.
Aquaria should be placed in relatively low traffic areas away from the sun.
With the exception of fighter bowls,filters are a must,and should be cleaned regularly to ensure the safety of the fish.
Conditions in the aquarium must be kept as constant as possible,particularly temperature,pH and hardness.This is more important thanobtaining the "right" pH/hardness/temperature.Though if you can manage both,all the better
Bigger tanks are more stable systems,and allow you to keep more fish.It is reccomended that you obtain as big a tank as you can fit in your
designated aquarium space to avoid overcrowding a small tank
The only differance between goldfish or other coldwater system and a tropical system is the addition of a submersible aquarium heater.Fortunately these heaters are very simple to use.Simply set the desired temperature,place in a high flow area of the aquarium and plug in to power.
Tropical systems open up the range of plants you can sucessfully keep,due to the warm water.These are a reccomended addition as they will improve
water quality and give the aquarium a more natural feel
Axolotls should not be heated, as they prefer cooler temperatures.
Use a fine grain or sand for the subsrate,to prevent intestinal blockages due to substrate ingestion while feeding
Feed once every other day to avoid excessive amounts of waste in the tank.
Do not keep axolotls with fish,as one of the two things will happen.The fish will pick at the axolotls delicate gill fillaments,or the axolotl
will consume the fish.
Do not keep at a density of more than 1 axolotl per 20-30 litres of water.
Hermit Crab Info
Hermit crabs require 6 litres of aquarium space per hermit crab.
Fresh and saltwater must be made avaliable to them.
Fatigue and excessive withdrawal are signs that your hermit crab is about to moutlt.It should not be disturbed during this time,nor several days following.
Tight fitting lids are essential,as hermit crabs can climb and will escape if given the chance.
Siamese Fighter Info
Males should always be kept apart from other fighting fish,unless for the express intent of breeding.
Females can be kept in groups of at least 3. Do not keep a pair as the submissive one will take all the agression from the dominant one.
Females and short males make suitable tankmates for other gentle,soft water species such as tetras and loaches.
Long finned males should be housed alone as their tails can be nipped by their tankmates.
Rift lake Cichlid Info
Alkaline pH and hard water are required to mimic rift lake conditions
Most species are territorial,and you should give each fish room to safely establish a territory.That said,if fighting becomes rampant,rearrange the tank to remove all of the established territories.This should be done when adding new fish also.
When purchasing fish for an existing tank,try to purchase fish of a similar size to the existing fish to give them a chance to hold
Plants are generally not advised due to the gravel moving nature of these fish.Plants usually become uprooted,eventually resulting in their death.Some success may be had with potted anubias and well established cryptocorne species.
Predator fish Info
Need to be kept in a suitably large aquarium.5-6ft or greater is reccomended.
Should be fed a varied diet of live,frozen and dried food.Do not feed to much,as these fish have a tendency to become overweight.Maintain a light but regular feeding schedule.
Suitable tankmates are large,non-agressive fish.Must be large enough to not fit in the predators mouth.Plecostomus are a good choice.
Provide plenty of decoration to make them feel secure,and to provide shelter for other fish.
Lowlight Plants Info
Low light plants are a good choice for those who like the look of plants,but don't want the time and expense of caring for them
low light plants will persist under standard aquarium lighting,provided that the bulbs are changed on a yearly basis.
The best species are Java Ferns,Anubias,Cryptocornes,Java Moss,Vallisnera,Elodea,Hairgrass,Wisteria and some Hygrophilas.
As long as fish are living in the same aquarium,a fertilization reigime is not necessary.However.Deep rooting species such as cryptocornes benfit from root fertilisers.
High Light Plants Info
High light plants can be used with great effect to create aquatic "lawns" or "cliffs"
Some provide more interisting colours such as reds are purples,and most will grow to a range of sizes,vastly opening up your aquascaping options
High light plants will require first and foremost,plenty of lighting.T5 or metal halides are ideal for this.
High light plants also require good fertilization schedules,and benefit immensely from carbon dioxide injection.
In aquaria with many established,healthy plants,fish rarely have issues with disease.